**MC Physics Charge Force Theory for Matter Formation**

In MC Physics theory the natural laws relationships of the physical Universe and, including those relating SPACE, TIME, CHARGE (intrinsic potential energy) and FORCE (i.e. collectively called ‘STEF Universe architecture’), were in place at the time of the initial Quantization and Kinetic Energy events, collectively called the ‘Big Bang’ (?). In MC Physics theory, all forces are unified as they are all derived from Charge Forces, per a separte viXra paper. The basic properties of CHARGE FORCE in MC Physics theory for Matter Formation are:

· All knowledge and understanding of CHARGES and mono-charges comes from charge forces;

**·** All generated forces in nature, each with a strength and vector, comes from charge force interactions between 2 mono-charges;

**· ** Those interactions and generated forces cause an equal applied force on both mono-charges;

**·** That applied force causes resultant acceleration reactions only on those 2 mono-charges;

**·** Those generated and applied forces are modified by relativistic effects on the mono-charges at the time of interaction;

**·** All force interactions should be considered instantly applied across space, until proven otherwise. There is no evidence that applied force is limited to the speed of any given matter (not even photons);

**·** All concurrent generated forces between more than 2 individual mono-charges must be super-positioned (countering and not cancelling) into one Net applied force with one NET reaction on any given mono-charge. All interactions above direct singular mono-charges results in NET charge forces;

**·** The outward vectored repel charge force is generated by charge force interactions between 2 like-type mono-charges (both + : + and - : - interaction combinations ) that is equally applied on both mono-charges. The resulting physical reaction on both mono-charges causes opposite or outward vectored accelerations on each through space;

**·** Repel forces between mono-charges that are charge force bound within matter give that matter volume;

**· ** The inward vectored attraction charge force is generated by charge force interactions between 2 opposite-type mono-charges (only + : - interaction combination) that is equally applied on both mono-charges. The resulting physical reaction on both mono-charges caused inward vectored accelerations on each through space;

**· ** Attraction charge forces cause mono-charge joinings and matter formation;

**·** The mechanisms and resultant charge forces of attraction and repulsion are assumed to be exactly equal;

**· ** It is the attraction charge force that causes all charges in the Universe to be ‘driven’ to attract, move towards and join opposite charge types to form matter. This same process also causes all charges to become overall charge neutral (even if only temporarily and not uniform in all locations around that mono-charge). That is why we live in an (overall) charge neutral Universe with gravity force dominating the large scale, and with only temporary, localized and relatively minimal charge force imbalances;

**·** A ‘near-charge force inversion’, seen as a barrier/ boundary/ surface, is required to prevent merging of joined mono-charges. This can be seen as an attraction charge force that inverts into a repel charge force near its sourced mono-charge, that prevents merging. Note that like-type charges with repel forces would prevent actual contact anyway, but even those repel force would convert to attraction force, if those mono-charges became sufficiently close;

**·** Both attraction and repulsion generated charge forces are strength diluted or reduced with distance between the mono-charges following a proposed modified Newton-Coulomb Force Law, simplified in Equations 1 and more exactly represented in Equation 2. Those 2 base relationships for mono-charges can be utilized in Equation 3 for all matter. This force dilution effect can be conceptualized as a force projection through a relativistically impacted (due to source velocity and charge strength) ever-expanding surface with distance from each mono-charge source. Since force (charge strength and vector) is only generated by interactions and applied between only 2 mono-charges, that simplified force strength can be represented as-

generated and applied Charge Force strength, F = C1 * C2 / R^ Z Equation 1 generated and applied Charge Force strength, F = C1/R^ z1 * C2 / R ^z2 Equation 2

where, C1 and C2 are the individual mono-charge strengths that together determine the strength of the mutually generated and applied force. The normal measured distance the mono-charges are apart, R, is the same for both mono-charges. Any required conversion constant is not shown.

Equation 1 is valid only when both mono-charges possess the same charge strength and kinetic energy, so that their individual z exponents are the same. However, when the charge strengths and/ or their kinetic energy are different, then their specific z1 and z2 exponent must be individually applied on each mono-charge, C1 and C2, requiring the more complex Equation 2.

Equations 1 and 2 reflects the z exponent that includes combined charge strength effects and relativistic effects. The understanding of the z relativistic exponent is that it is specific for each mono-charge at the time of the force generating interaction and it is to reflect the relativistic effects (on charge strength and associated properties of SPACE around it) and the charge strength of that mono-charge, all of which impacts its force projection surface. That relationship is evidenced by actual measured forces in EMF (Z=1, reference point A below), gravity (Z=2, reference point B below) and strong nuclei or nuclear force (Z>3, extrapolated reference point C below), as:

A. Z=1 for highly compressed 2D space around very weak to weak strength, relativistic mono-charges (e.g. photonic, neutrino, electron). Both charge/ electric and magnetic forces have been measured with a 2 dimensional circular projection (known 1/R1 relationship) that appears cylindrical with linear mono-charge relativistic movements. Force projections perpendicular to the direction of travel that are much stronger with further reach than static mono-charges. But forward and reverse direction force projections from such mono-charges are theorized to be proportionally reduced [3,4,5,6], possibly indicating applied force conservation;

B. Z=2 for normal space around mixed charge strengths and mostly static mono-charge strengths of (e.g. most large mass bodies, resulting net charge or gravity forces). Mixed forces between such mixed mono-charge strength joined matter are uniformly projected across a 3 dimensional expanding sphere (known 1/R2 relationship); and

C. Z>3 up to? that is extrapolated for mostly static, very strong mono-charges (e.g. baryon type quarks), now called strong nuclear force, with strong, mostly 3 dimensional force projections that are force focused inward to the mono-charge and not outward. The result of such high z exponents is that its causes extremely strong but short ranged propagation force strengths. This high z exponent enhances the formation of the alternating charge type structure of matter.

For forces between large mass objects or particles that contain many mono-charges of various strengths and kinetic energies, Equations 1 and 2 can be incorporated into Equation 3-

NET applied force strength, F = Equation 3

∑F attraction (M1∑C+: M2∑C- plus M1∑C-:M2∑C+)

less ∑F repulsion (M1∑C+:M2∑C+ plus M1∑C-:M2∑C-)

between two mass bodies, M1 and M2, each with its individual constituent mono-charge strengths and types generalized as C+ and C-. Both R and z are for each specific interaction, but are most easily weighted and averaged as M1: M2 center distance for R and as the known overall Z=2.

**· ** All mono-charges interact to generate charge forces that are then equally applied on each mono-charge to cause physical reactions (vectored accelerations modifying movements, kinetic energy and relativistic effects) following a modified Newton’s Law [5,6] of-

acceleration, a = F / C or applied Force Strength / Charge Strength Equation 4

as inertial mass directly comes from charge strength, C of both charge types. The exact conversion value of charge strength to inertial mass is unknown at this time, but they must be directly proportional to each other. For a composite particle or mass object, with many joined mono-charges, the Equation 4 reaction relationship can be expressed as-

acceleration, a = Net applied Force Strength, F / ∑C, sum of Charge Strengths

Equation 5

Where ∑C is the sum total of all joined mono-charges’ strengths in that body and acceleration, a, of each mono-charge or, collectively, all joined mono-charges in that mass body. Note that no conversion factor for charge <> mass is given, as it is not yet known.