The Photon: High School Primer video postulates that the simplest entities in the Universe - photons- are mass particles that are made up of two rotating opposite charged mono-charges, of equal strength. It uses known light and general physics scientific facts (in the Light/ Photon page) and the postulated Mono-Charge requirements. From that video and prior discussions we can now understand that:

>  The rotation frequency of the photon’s mono-charges (MCs) comes from the initial overwhelming external forces. With its linear velocity limited by relativistic effects, all remaining energy is put into increasing rotation.

>  The attraction force generated between the two rotating phtonic MCs must be sufficient to counteract centrifugal forces that keep the photon together during rotation.

>  The mono-charges experience alternating relativistic effects during their individual rotation based on v2/Vt2, where Vt is the relativistic fulcrum point and is faster than the photon’s average speed, c.  Those relativistic changes impact (increase/ diminish) the charge strength, pole strength and mass of the mono-charges as they rotate.

>  The forward moving mono-charge must travel faster than the average photon speed, c, as its forward velocity is dependent on its rotating frequency. MCs gain mass and exhibit increased charge and magnetic pole in the forward travel (relative to the photon vector) before turning the corner into the reverse direction.

>  The reverse moving mono-charge travels slower than the average photon speed, c, also dependent on the rotating frequency. The reverse moving MC sheds mass, charge and magnetic pole strength as it loses forward velocity ultimately going much slower than the average photon speed, then it turns the corner into the forward direction for another cycle.

>  Each mono-charge type alternates their rotation position opposite the other charge/ pole type. Therefore only one mono-charge type and pole is dominate at any one time while in the forward traveling direction.

>  The relativistic effects in the forward direction concentrate the mass, electric charge and magnetic pole forces into narrow 2 dimensional planes that are perpendicular to the photon’s linear direction of travel, per relativity.

> Lateral velocities also have relativisitic effects that further modify the force projection. Multiple photons in a beam also impact each other. 



Therefore, the photons’ oscillating co-incident electric (charge) and secondary induced magnetic (pole) fields’ behavior are caused by two opposite charged mono-charges of equal strength that form a mass particle. The mono-charges are rotating around each other on an axis that is perpendicular to the photon’s linear velocity vector and in a plane that includes the photon’s linear velocity vector. Alternating relativistic effects occur on the individual mono-charges as they rotate.


Areas of Research Needed:

The photon mono-charges’ rotation variable speeds, positions and paths, forces, mass lateral wobble, linear axis velocity variations, straightness of the lateral wobble all needs to be simulated. 

The symmetry of the photon electric and magnetic fields needs to be carefully experimentally studied as it is doubtful that full symmetry is possible with such highly relativistic impacted rotation path of the mono-charges.